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Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia
Developed by WTO
Adapted for TRAINS data by UNCTAD
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TRAINS: Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) based on official regulations

A. TYPE OF MEASURES AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION INCLUDED: The I-TIP application is an umbrella system, searching over several databases called silos. The classification of type of measures is shown under the silo-level in two alternative ways: the interagency NTM classification, developed with UNCTAD, ITC, and the World Bank, and the WTO-GATT articles from which the notification obligation has its origin. Currently, the following non-tariff measures databases (silos) have been incorporated:

B. MEASURES VS. NOTIFICATIONS: This web application searches and counts measures over databases based on mandatory notifications to WTO (information on notifications is found on CRN-DOL, The same measure can be notified through several notifications, or several measures can be notified in only one notification. Within each silo, this application counts each measure only once, irrespective of whether it has been referenced in one or several WTO notification documents. In contrast, a measure appearing in more than one silo may be counted twice.
1. first, SELECT
C. WTO-INTERPRETED DATA: In this application, the measure, the imposing member, and the initiation or in-force date are required information gathered from notification documents; product information (HS or free text), affected countries, and other date information are not necessarily provided across all notifications. The Secretariat provides complementary information, wherever appropriate and meaningful, to assist in the interpretation of the notifications. Any supplementary information has been clearly identified as "WTO-interpreted" data and is shown in the results screen in italics. See below how to obtain specific information for each silo.
1. Country
2. Period
3. Type of measure.
4. Approach:
A. the right graph shows the flow approach: measures taken during the selected period.
B. the left graph shows the stock approach: measures in force at the selected date (dark colour, lower part) or measures that have just been initiated but not yet in force at the selected date (light colour, upper part).
5. In the stock approach (left graph), the user must select between measures in force and measures initiated. The flow approach (right graph) is based only on the initiation date (see methodology).
6. The graphic interface does not allow for the selection of: affected country, affected product, other type of periods, keywords, several countries/products, and multiple measures.


E. SOURCES BY SILO: In this option, the measures are grouped and counted by country/region and type of measure. Numbers are clickable and drill down to the summary report. This quick overview over countries and type of measure allows to easily answer, for example, if African countries have taken any safeguard action during the last year; or which measure is most used in each region or in each country.

1. Tariffs and trade come from TAO (Tariff Analysis Online), an application covering IDB - Integrated Data Base and CTS - Consolidated Tariff Schedules databases. The link leads to the reporting country; data for the last year available is shown, among other time-options. Antidumping product coverage is normally narrower than the HS codes provided because only specific firms producing the product are affected.
2. The notification documents are taken from the CRN - Central Registry of Notifications facility, via the documents online (DOL or DocsOnLine) application. The information about the document from which the information is sourced is shown in the link to DOL. While in TBT and SPS cases finding the source of the information is straightforward, the same is not true for most of the other measures, for which the annual, bi-annual or semi-annual report will be shown, containing all measures for one country; therefore, the user has to search within the document in order to find the exact reference to the information shown in I-TIP.
3. Detailed query: offers all the criteria worked by the application. Additional selection criteria available:
A. affected country
B. affected product
C. periods (flow approach) may be defined for any two dates
D. groups of countries or products are allowed
E. emergency/ordinary measures may be selected/deselected
F. Specific trade concerns may be selected/deselected
G. Specific trade concerns may be selected/deselected

1. Only WTO members are listed as reporters, because our sources are notifications to the WTO by member countries.
2. ALL SILOS: When the affected country has not been explicitly specified, the application assumes that the measure affects all countries. The user can exclude the measures taken on MFN basis (by default, they are included) by unmarking the option "include the category All partners". This may be relevant if one wants, for example, to single out SPS or TBT measures that are not MFN in nature. Please note that by unmarking the option "include the category All Members" all MFN measures will disappear.
3. WHICH MEASURES AFFECT ONE COUNTRY? Select the affected country through the detailed query or through member's tables. Use the default or modify it, if needed.
4. FIND THE MEASURES IN PLACE WHEN EXPORTING PRODUCT X TO COUNTRY Y FROM COUNTRY Z: For trade remedy measures, I-TIP can provide a pretty good overview because the partner country is known and products are increasingly defined in HS terms, the only caveat being that the latest information may not yet be shown. In contrast, for SPS and TBT measures we have mostly information on proposed measures, since notification of actual implementation is not obligatory; withdrawals in these two areas are completely lacking. Furthermore, measures taken before the creation of WTO or the accession of a new member, as well as the application of international standards, do not fall under notification obligation. The landscape resultant from the counting of measures by member may give an uneven result, specially for those members notifying all measures.

UNCTAD is the focal point within the United Nations system for the integrated treatment of trade and development. UNCTAD’s Programme on NTMs aims to enhance the transparency on NTMs and to provide support to policy makers.

© UNCTAD 2015